'Mist sometimes has a blurring effect on objects, so that their outline no longer appears as a hard line,' says Ray Campbell-Smith. 'Clearly a flat wash will not convey this effect and attempts to soften it, once it is dry, can look overworked and fudged. This is where the wet-in wet technique comes into its own.

'This is such a vital technique in watercolour that you should practise it regularly. It is, quite simply, the layering of one wash on top of a still liquid wash, so that the two bleed softly together'.

Wet-in-wet problems and solutions

The problem







If the first wash is beginning to dry a little and you then apply a more liquid wash, the result will be ‘runbacks’ or ‘cauliflowering’ as it is commonly called.

The second wash spreads as far as it can into the drier first wash and, when drying prevents it going any further, it deposits its pigment in unsightly concentrations and so ruins the painting.

The solution

wet in wet applied properly








Make sure the first wash is still liquid and that the second wash is a little less liquid than the first.

There can be no other hard-and-fast rules in the wet-in-wet technique but success depends largely upon judging the required liquidity of your washes. If, for example, they are too liquid, the second will spread all over the place and will not produce the required soft-edged images. If the washes are not liquid enough, premature drying will occur and hard edges will appear where they are not wanted.

Trial and error, and much practice, are vital to success and will enable you to add a vital technique to your repertoire.

Use wet-in-wet techniques to paint a misty coastal scene.

Demonstration: Misty Woodland

The watercolour, Misty Woodland, features a track leading into the woods not far from my home – a pleasant subject made more interesting by the autumnal mist. It was a fine morning in early November, the colouring of the foliage was mostly russet and leaf fall had barely begun.

Watercolour is the ideal medium for painting the effect of mist and this was a scene that clearly required the wet-in-wet technique in order to capture the pale, soft-edge forms of the more distant trees.

The warm, muted colours suggested a limited palette and here I used the only four colours above.

Step one

liquid wash of trees








Begin by applying the liquid wash over most of the paper, using a very dilute blend of raw sienna, a little light red and a touch of ultramarine.

Increase slightly the proportion of the blue for the upper sky, then drop in pale greys for the distant trees (ultramarine and light red).

When these two colours are used in very liquid washes, the light red has a way of bleeding a little at the edges and so gave the misty tree forms a pale, warm hue.

Step two

soft-edged trees








Because the slightly darker, soft-edged trees in the middle distance are painted after the paler ones, the background wash will have begun to dry a little and their outlines, though still soft edged, are crisper.

Before the background wash is dry paint the grassy areas beneath the trees, using washes of raw sienna with a little light red and a touch of Payne’s grey, with warm shadows of light red and ultramarine, as they are also softened by the mist.

Leave everything to dry and prepare washes for the nearer trees which, unlike the more distant trees, appear hard edged.

Step three

Nearer trees











The tree on the right of this group is a warm russet colour and for this use raw sienna, light red and a little ultramarine.

The nearer two on the left have quite a lot of green in them. For these use raw sienna and Payne’s grey with just a hint of light red.

Step four

Grassy track




Finally, paint the foreground track and its rough grassy surroundings, using various mixtures of raw sienna, light red and Payne’s grey.

Using various combinations of the same few colours throughout the painting helps everything to blend together and make a cohesive whole.

The finished painting

Mistty Woodland, watercolour, 11X15in (28X38cm)

Misty Woodland, watercolour, (28x38cm)

Want to try another misty woodland scene? Follow Paul Talbot-Greaves here.

Read Ray's top tips for painting from photographs.

Overcome problems of scale and proportion with great advice from Ray.

Sometimes we may include links to online retailers, from which we might receive a commission if you make a purchase. Affiliate links do not influence editorial coverage and will only be used when covering relevant products.